Radicalization and Violent Extremism in Central Asia and Afghanistan
OSCE Academy in Bishkek
abstract
Radicalization and violent extremism are growing problems for Central Asia and Afghanistan. The issue of radicalization must be addressed at its early stage in order to prevent that it would lead to violent extremism and terrorism. The five Central Asian states along with Afghanistan must come up with solid strategies how to tackle this growing threat. Youth make up a large percentage willing to join the extremist forces, therefore proper youth policies should be designed and implemented.

This policy brief discusses the primary and secondary causes of radicalization along with its brief historical background in Central Asia and Afghanistan. Recommendations have been made in order to tackle the problem before it gets deeper and settle its roots.

The atmosphere of regional cooperation in terms of security, border management, counter-terrorism strategies, share of intelligence and narcotics control is very important between Central Asian states and also between Central Asia and Afghanistan.

The issues of corruption, weak institutions and bad governance must be strictly noticed by the government. Public institutions need to deliver properly and the issue of corruption should be handled, so that people could develop their belief in the public institutions.

Mullahs, local Imams and religious scholars carry a lot of responsibility in eradicating the problem of radicalization and extremism. Most of the times it is the misinterpretation of the Quran and Hadith, which mislead the youth. Moreover, prison reforms and de-radicalization programmes in prisons must be introduced.