Foreign Fighters: Transnational Identity in Civil Conflicts
Oxford University Press
Just how did various insurgencies, operating across the globe in different decades, recruit outside the conflict zones and draw in individuals who would seem neither to have had a direct stake in the conflict outcome nor to have been likely mercenaries? Despite the historic and rising numbers of foreign fighters, and despite a good number of studies that address how nonstate armed groups are successful in recruiting combatants at the subnational level in civil conflicts, researchers have largely overlooked transnational recruitment until recently. And empirical evidence indicates that foreign fighters do not appear to mobilize for the same reasons that the civil conflict literature assigns to local rebels.