Armed Islamist Movements and Political Violence in Algeria
Middle East Journal
This article investigates the formation of the principal armed Islamist groups in Algeria - the GIA and AIS - and their justification for armed struggle. Furthermore, it investigates the extent of Islamist involvement in the violence witnessed in Algeria since 1992, especially the massacres since 1997. It argues that these two groups formed as much in opposition to each other as in opposition to the state. Moreover, their violence took different forms because they adopted different justifications for jihad.