International Alert
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Conflict Alert 2018: War and Identity

International Alert

Abstract

The year 2017 was a turning point in the magnitude of violent conflict in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, amplified by the astonishing increase in conflict deaths due to the war in Marawi City and other places in Mindanao. The eruption of a full-scale war in Marawi and its environs defied all expectations. It signified the rise of a strand of violent extremism and armed groups such as the Maute Group/Dawlah Islamiya and Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters over the previous sub-national rebellions and their dominant actors, the Moro National Liberation Front and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. The Conflict Alert 2018 report highlights the threat of violent extremism, its origins and implications on the Bangsamoro peace process and in establishing long term security and development in the region.