International Alert
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Conflict Alert 2019: War Makes States

International Alert

Abstract

Peace, it is said, does not happen overnight. Yet what happened in the Bangsamoro from 2017 to 2018 is probably the closest we can get to an overnight leap from war and uncertainty to peace and security in the region. From all accounts, the incidence and the human costs of conflict plunged in 2018 in all provinces and in almost all conflict causes. The Conflict Alert 2019 report shows how violent conflict began to go down in 2017 despite the war in Marawi, but nowhere as dramatic as the nosedive in 2018. Political violence, identity-based conflict, and crime-related violence declined in almost all provinces.