Adjili N. Isduri

Parang Sabil: The Life of Urang Kaya Hadjiyula of Paugan, Parang, Sulu

The Journal of History


Parang sabil is a Tausug concept of defending their freedom/liberty, known as kamaruan, from colonizers, such as the Spaniards and Americans. Although the Muslim resistance in Mindanao and Sulu was different from the Philippine Revolution in Luzon and Visayas, it was considered the bloodiest. What was interesting to note in the Moro resistance in Sulu, particularly when the Sultan of Sulu fell into the hands of Spanish authorities in 1571 (de la Costa, 1965), was that the Urang Kaya's (middle class) group organized themselves in order to defend their own community from the Spanish invasion. This sentiment is expressed in the saying "marayawpa muli in bukug ayaw muti'in tikudtikud" (it is better to whiten one's bone in the battle rather than to surrender). This paper will explain the life of Urang Kaya Hadjiyula in defending the freedom or kamaruan of Muslims in the Philippines against the Spaniards, his contribution to Philippine history in general, and the history of the Muslims, in particular. This paper will also explain how parang sabil is organized and its significance for the Muslims' kamaruwan (honor or dignity).