Oliver P. Richmond

A Pedagogy of Peacebuilding: Infrapolitics, Resistance, and Liberation

International Political Sociology


A post-liberal peace engages with the politics of hybridity emerging from a mixture of contextual and international social, political, economic, cultural, and historical dynamics of peace. It represents an attempt to escape liberal enclosure and distant administration as well as contextual forms of violence in post-conflict zones—from Bosnia Herzegovina to Afghanistan. Critical agency as a form of resistance aimed at liberation from the structures of conflict, and structural violence—wherever they lie—rather than solely relying on external norms and capacity, is key. From this tension, a range of “local,” transversal, and transnational agencies can be uncovered in many peacebuilding or statebuilding contexts, which may resist, modify, or co-opt intervention in unexpected ways. A hybrid form of peace emerges from this agonistic process, which points to an understanding of peacebuilding-as-liberation. Rather than producing subjects, this enables subjects to produce peace.