Valery Perry
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Extremism and Violent Extremism in Serbia: 21st Century Manifestations of an Historical Challenge

Abstract

The topics of extremism, violent extremism, and radicalization leading to terrorism have constituted an increasingly prominent area of policy interest and donor support in recent years, globally and in the Western Balkans. Counterterrorism initiatives, as well as efforts to prevent and counter violent extremism (P/CVE), often reveal the need for broader reform, peacebuilding, and democratization strategies. While foreign donors and domestic authorities tend to focus on ISIS-inspired violent jihadism, in many countries in the region, and particularly in the case of Serbia, there are other forms of extremism—namely far-right nationalism, violent hooligan­ism, and neo-Nazi movements—that are often considered to be more of an imminent threat, particu­larly as they are often viewed as examples of “normalized” political expression.