Southern Libya Destabilized: The Case of Ubari
Small Arms Survey
From late 2014 to early 2016—in the security and governance vacuum that has characterized Libya since its 2011 revolution— a conflict raged between the indigenous Tuareg and Tubu tribes of the south-western town of Ubari. At the local level, the battle revolved around economic assets as well as identity rights. Yet as the country’s rival national governments and international powers increasingly meddled in the fighting, the Ubari conflict came to be viewed as a proxy war. This report explores the events, context, and outcome of the Ubari conflict, as well as the lingering threats to the stability of south-western Libya and the wider region.