Hybrid security governance, post-election violence and the legitimacy of community-based armed groups in urban Kenya
Many cities in contemporary Africa are characterised by hybrid modes of security governance that are co-produced by a variety of state and non-state actors of violence. While the (il)legitimacy of…
Can paying fines to prisoners decongest prison? Study of Fines payment Scheme at Goron-Dutse Prison
Prisons overcrowd remains one of the pressing concerns not only to the government but also to Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and individuals. Prison authorities in Nigeria often call upon…
Explanations for violent crime in England and Wales: Literature Review Commissioned by the North Wales Police Department - UK
This work reviews existing literature on explanations for violent crime focusing on England and Wales. The review centres on why violent crime happens, who are the victims and offenders of violent…
Climate Change and Conflict in Nigeria: The Boko Haram Challenge
This paper presents a structural and empirical analysis of the agential of the raison d'etre for Nigerian unpreparedness to adapt to changing climate. Structures and strictures of rentier state…
The role of women in violent extremism in Kenya
Recruiters, spies, cooks and cleaners. These are just a few of the indirect roles women play in violent extremist groups such as al-Shabaab. The full extent of their involvement remains unknown,…
ICT4Peace in the Horn of Africa?
The pioneer of peace studies Johan Galtung (1996) proposed two types of peace: negative peace meaning the absence of violence and positive peace where there is coexistence, restoration and…
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