A short history of Kurdish women on the front lines
Kurdish women first took up arms in the early 1990s, as members of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), which has waged a decades-long war for self-rule in Turkey. Inspired by Murray Bookchin, an…
Empowerment or subjugation: an analysis of ISIL’s gendered messaging
This study explores how ISIL, a group that explicitly espouses a worldview that promotes womens's subjugation and sexual slavery could appeal to and seemingly offer women tools of empowerment.…
Female terrorists: On the front lines and behind the scenes
Between April 2013 and June 2018, women from 51 countries lived in ISIS-held territory in Syria and Iraq. According to estimates, at least 9,401 women and children joined the group. Yet most…
ISIS Cases Raise a Question: What Does It Mean to Be Stateless?
Shamima Begum was 15 when she became radicalized, left her home in London for Syria and joined the Islamic State, marrying one of its fighters. As the grous's grip on its last pieces of…
Bring Hoda Muthana and other ISIS members home — but for trial
Hoda Muthana left the United States to join ISIS, burned her passport, contributed to daily life in the so-called caliphate, and lived there until there was no longer any place left to live. Muthana…
The West Needs to Take the Politics of Women in ISIS Seriously
In recent weeks, the Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) have closed in on the last remaining Islamic State holdout in eastern Syria. The remains of the so-called caliphate occupy less than half…
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